T-Coach: The Coaching Integration Model - International Coaching Federation
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T-Coach: The Coaching Integration Model

Posted by Wanpen Visanbuchanee, PCC | April 15, 2021 | Comments (3)

Most people know about the GROW model of coaching. But from my experience, I have discovered that when handling the coaching process, there are even more steps to ensure the complete process, especially for a relatively new coach.  

The T-COACH model is a more complete model, following the ICF Core Competencies. Here are the steps of the process. 


One of the most important factors to create partnership is trust. Coaches who show trust in their client’s abilities and skills, as well as the whole being of the client, will receive trust in return. Creating this trust can start with: 

  • Showing signs of respectPrepare yourself to show respect to the client in everything from grooming to punctuality and tone of voice.  
  • Showing signs of integrity. Ensure that you have explained to the client what coaching is and assure them that all conversations will be secure and private. 

Creating trust makes for a positive atmosphere because it helps the client decrease feelings of nervousness, discomfort and fear while preparing them for the next step in the coaching process. 

– Clarify 

It’s common that client may start with many issues or goals that can make it difficult for a coach to understand the real issue or goal. Clarify these goals with the client by: 

  • Helping the client clearly understand the situation and goal. In this stage, be present and use powerful questioning as tools 
  • Checking to see that both you and client have a mutual understanding of the issue. Some coaches may use closed question to reconfirm. 

– Objective 

Most coaches may be familiar with the “goal” step in the GROW model. In my view, objective is similar to this step, but it’s more clientfriendly, especially for those clients who are new to coaching. The client first needs to witness the value of the coaching session and be willing to cooperate. Completing the objective step should happen in the following ways: 

  • Establishing an agreement. Here, the coach clarifies the coaching contract to ensure mutual understanding.  
  • Setting SMART goals. SMART stands for Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic and Timely. By using this type of goal setting, the coach supports the client to summarize their objective in a concrete, attainable and measurable way. 
  • Checking in. At the end of the sessionthe coach checks to see if the client achieved the objective or not 

– Analysis and Actual 

In this stage, the coach uses coaching skills to help the client understand the situation clearly. Here are the key steps: 

  • Invite the client to describe the situation. This will help them analyze the situation at hand and be present. 
  • Remember to think: What is the most important and impactful to the client now?” This will help the client identify the actual reality of the situation without being influenced by emotionscomments or thoughts 

  Communication – Listening, asking, storytelling and reflection 

Communication is an important skill in every coaching session. The key concepts are active listening and powerful questioning. Coaches may also use storytelling and reflection to help the client explore, expand or shift their perspective. Here’s more on those concepts: 

  • Active Listening. The coach listens to both verbal and nonverbal communication to understand client. They listen for keywords, which might carry insight, and also look for blind spotswhich are angles that the client may be overlooking. They do this while observing the client’s body language, which can also convey a message during conversation. 
  • Powerful Questioning. These are questions that create awareness and help clients think. A powerful question should show empathy that will lead to positive emotion, open perspective and options. The coach can pick keyword to emphasize and then ask the client to define it. The question should be short and concise, without too many messages in one question. Avoid using the closed question. Using the right question will show the coach’s curiosity to the client’s challenge. 
  • Storytelling. The coach may ask the client to share their story, after which the coach can ask about the missing piece or other aspect of the story. coach might ask for permission to share their own story for additional context. But if you choose to do so, be careful not to put any of your own comments or opinions in the story, and don’t forget to ask your client’s opinion. 
  • Reflection. This can be paraphrasing what the client has just said to you. Doing so will help the client hear their own thoughts and create space for them to share more. It is also essential to reflect the client’s feelings and emotions in order to help them understand the message. 

– Have and How to  

Often timesafter the client gains selfawareness and has understood more about the situation, they discover that they have the solution. However, the coach may continue to support client by: 

  • Helping the client to identify using these “have” questions:
    What resources or skills does the client have?
    What options or choices does the client have?
  • Being a partner with the client to answer these “how” questions:
    How to select the right option?
    How to achieve the objective?
    How to start the action with confidence? 

By following the T-COACH model, the coach ensures they stay within the process and bring the result to the client.  

Headshot of Coaching World contributor Wanpen Visanbuchanee.

Wanpen Visanbuchanee, PCC

Wanpen Visanbuchanee, PCC believes in everyone's potential. This is the reason why she is now a leadership motivation and career transition coach based in Bangkok, Thailand. With her passion for coaching, she is also specializes in designing coaching-based training courses for leadership and organizational development. 

The views and opinions expressed in guest posts featured on this blog are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions and views of the International Coach Federation (ICF). The publication of a guest post on the ICF Blog does not equate to an ICF endorsement or guarantee of the products or services provided by the author.

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Comments (3)

  1. montri_kid@hotmail.com says:

    Great model. Thanks for your kind sharing.

  2. John Carston says:

    I like how you mentioned that having good communication is very important to prevent misunderstandings. My sister told me that she will have her first photo shoot next week, and she asked if I have any idea what is the best option to do in finding a coaching service for models. Thanks to this helpful article, I’ll be sure to tell her that consulting trusted consultant services and a coaching program can help her with her concerns.

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